Electrotherapy: Electro therapy is used by physiotherapists to provide pain relief and promote healing, reduce swelling edema, relax muscles, and stimulate acupuncture points.
Sinha Physiotherapy Clinic Provides electric modalities as under:
Shortwave-diathermy: -- machines operate at a frequency of 27.12 MHz, a wavelength of approximately 11 meters. Short wave diathermy usually is prescribed for treatment of deep tissues.
Ultrasound therapy: - Therapeutic ultrasound in physical therapy is alternating compression and rarefaction of sound waves with a frequency of >20,000 cycles/second. Therapeutic ultrasound frequency used is 0.7 to 3.3 MHz. Maximum energy absorption in soft tissue occurs from 2 to 5 cm.
Faradic and galvanic stimulation: -- The short duration interrupted direct current with pulse duration 0.1 - 1 ms and frequency in between 50 - 100 Hz, used for the stimulation of innervated muscles is called faradic type of current. The current produced by faradic coil is called multivibrator current (producing tetanic contraction).
Transcutaneous electrical nerves stimulation (TENS) is the use of electric current produced by a device to stimulate the nerves for therapeutic purposes. Generally TENS is applied at high frequency (>50 Hz) with an intensity below motor contraction (sensory intensity) or low frequency (<10 Hz) with an intensity that produces motor contraction
Interferential therapy (IFT) :-- Therapy (IFT) is to utilize the significant physiological effects of low frequency (<250pps) electrical stimulation of nerves without the associated painful and somewhat unpleasant side effects sometimes associated with low frequency stimulation.
Laser therapy: - LASER stands for light amplification by stimulated emission radiation. It's coherent light (i.e. when the phase of oscillations in electromagnetic wave remains unchanged for a long time).
Intermittent, static and harmonic traction: -- Traction is the use of a pulling force to treat muscle and skeleton disorders. Traction is Intermittent, static and harmonic traction.
Moist heat (hot packs):- Physical therapists wrap moist hot packs in several layers of towels. They are then applied directly on the exposed area that needs treatment. The heat provided by the hot packs has several important benefits.